Why it is crucial formen to know their prostate-specific antigen (PSA) score in Kingston, New York?

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a substance made by cells in the prostate gland.  PSA is mostly found in semen, but a small amount is also found in blood.  Most healthy men have PSA scores under 4 nanograms per millileter of blood.  The chance of having prostate cancer goes up as the PSA increases.

When prostate cancer develops, the PSA level usually goes above 4.  Keep in mind--a PSA level below 4 does not mean that cancer is not present; roughly 15 percent of men with a PSA below 4 will have prostate cancer on biopsy.

Men with a PSA level in the borderline range between 4 and 10 have about a 1 in 4 chance of having prostate cancer.  If the PSA is more than 10, the chance of having prostate cancer is over 50%.

Your PSA level can be elevated by things other than prostate cancer, such as an enlarged prostate (a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate that many men get as they grow older), age or infection or inflammation of the prostate gland (prostatitis).  PSA levels normally go up slowly as you get older, even in the absence of a prostate abnormality.

Some things can cause PSA levels to go down. Some steroids may change PSA levels; obese men tend to have lower PSA levels; certain medicines used to treat urinary symptoms or prostate enlargement may lower PSA levels; and men taking aspirin usually tend to have lower PSA levels.

If your PSA level is high, your doctor may advise a prostate biopsy to find out if you have cancer.  If your PSA test result is abnormal, you should speak with your physician about your risk of cancer and your need for further tests.

What you can do if you want more information about PSA testing

If you have questions or want more information about PSA testing, I welcome your phone call on my toll-free cell at 1-866-889-6882 or you can send me an e-mail at [email protected] . You are always welcome to request my FREE book, The Seven Deadly Mistakes of Malpractice Victims, at the home page of my website at www.protectingpatientrights.com.