Over thirty percent of all deliveries of babies are done by Cesarean section. There are certain circumstances under which doctors need to perform Cesarean section deliveries, usually when the safety of the mother or baby is at risk. Cesarean section deliveries are performed by a doctor making an incision in the abdominal and uterine walls. This is considered to be a major surgical process. Doctors and patients need to give serious consideration about whether the procedure is justified.
Mothers and doctors may plan to have a Cesarean section. However, there are cases where an unplanned Cesarean section will need to be performed. Doctors may determine that a Cesarean section is needed for the safety of the mother or baby, and recommend planning one. In other instances, the mother and doctor may have planned for a normal delivery when unforeseen complications arise which requires the doctor to perform an unplanned Cesarean section.
Reasons for a planned Cesarean section include:
- The mother has an infection which may infect the baby
- The baby is in the head down position close to the delivery date
- The mother’s condition is weak before the delivery
- The mother is pregnant with multiple babies.
- The mother had previously undergone a Cesarean section
Reasons for an unplanned Cesarean section include:
- Labor is delayed
- There are signs of distress in baby or the mother
- The umbilical cord has wrapped around the baby’s neck
- The baby is too large to be delivered vaginally
During labor and delivery, the mother and/or baby may become distressed as a result of complications while undergoing the Cesarean section. Doctors need to be ready to act should this occur. Failure to follow proper medical protocol can result in the baby or the mother sustaining serious child birth injury.
Common birth injuries to the baby include:
- Lacerations, abrasions, and scarring
- Oxygen deprivation
- Premature birth
- Erb’s Palsy
- Wrongful Death
Common birth injuries to the mother include:
- Blood clots
- Excessive blood loss
- Bladder and bowel injuries
- Anesthesia injuries
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